Turf Tips Blog

Know Your Grass Seed

Always read the seed label and understand the type of grass seed that you are establishing. Quality seed is one of the most relevant aspects of your lawn.

Tips for reading a seed label:

  • Bluegrass’s are the most predominant grass which results in the greenest and softest cultivar available. Always seed with a variety of bluegrass’s for disease resistance. This cultivar spreads through existing roots and fills nicely. Over-seeding rates are 1 – 2 lbs./1000 sq. ft. Sunny conditions are recommended.
  • Tall Turf Type Fescues are deep rooted grasses with wider and coarser blades. These cultivars are bunch type grasses and require 5 – 10 lbs./1000 sq. ft. when over seeding. These grasses are good for sun and shade conditions.
  • Fine Leaf Fescues are cultivars conditioned for shady conditions. These are creeping grasses which do not hold up well in heat and stressful conditions. Cultivars include red creeping and chewing fescues.
  • Ryegrasses or nurture grasses are perennial or annual. Annual ryegrasses are not recommended.
  • Date tested Look for seeded tested within the last 12 months. This will be the freshest and preferable seed.
  • Germination percent of pure seed that germinates under ideal conditions. A high germination rate is best , never purchase seed with less than a 70 percent germination rate.
  • Seed labels will show a % of each seed cultivar included, you will know what type of grass to expect before you put it down.
Over-seeding damaged areas:

Fall and Spring are both great times to fill in bare or damaged areas of your lawn from seed. Any stressed areas from this season will need over-seeding to completely recover. Over-seeding is also a good practice to introduce more disease resistant strands of grasses into a lawn. Core aeration can be a good way to provide a seed bed for new seeds to germinate. Purchasing quality turf grass seed for reestablishing lawns or establishing new lawns is critical to the future success of the lawn. Annual ryegrass germinates rapidly and will grow throughout the summer but in almost all instances will die in the winter and leave the area bare the following year. Perennial Ryegrass is a good nurture grass to help other grasses fill in and germinate. It is often included in high quality seed mixes. Tall fescue is a very drought-tolerant, deep-rooted grass, it does however have a wider rougher textured blade. Kentucky bluegrass is the most widely used turf grass in our area. Land-Art is currently offering core aeration and over seeding services, as well as core aeration with our exclusive potassium treatment.

Benefits of Core Aeration

  • Improved air exchange between the soil and atmosphere
  • Enhanced soil water uptake
  • Improved fertilizer uptake and use
  • Reduced soil compaction
  • Enhanced heat and drought stress tolerance
  • Improved resiliency and cushioning
  • Enhanced thatch breakdown
Land-Art will be offering core aeration September-November for our customers. Keep in mind it is a good cultural practice along with regular mowing, watering, and fertilization to perform about every other season depending on soil conditions.

Immediately following aeration is also a good time to over-seed your lawn to repair thin or weak areas. Over-seeding can also be done to introduce better more resilient seed varieties into an established lawn. Call if you have any specific questions regarding your property.

Now is a great time to have your lawn aerated, call today for pricing and scheduling! 1-800-336-5296.

Summer Turf Tips!

We are currently in drought conditions that began last September/October and continued through the winter months. The month of April was a period of excessive rain which has been followed by extended drought. During extended drought conditions grasses will yellow and brown and begin to go dormant without adequate moisture. Drought grasses are vulnerable to traffic, but are not dead, and will gradually recover with proper fertilization and cultural practices once adequate moisture returns. Please keep in mind the following recommendations and remember that a lawn can take 3-4 weeks to completely green from dormant conditions. Remember that a healthy good looking lawn requires constant maintenance in good and bad weather conditions.

Watering

It is of major importance to follow a scheduled watering practice. Generally, lawn turf requires 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. The amount of water you will apply will depend upon weather, soil and thatch conditions. If you are not watering during drought conditions to keep things green at least syringe your lawn every 10 days to keep roots active and alive for future recovery. Land-Art service inserts can advise you of proper watering techniques.


Mowing
For moderately cultured turfgrass, a generally accepted guide has been to remove no more than one third of the leaf blade per mowing. Mow your lawn on a scheduled basis and never scalp the plants. Always alternate your mowing patterns and use sharp blades A. recommended mowing heights of 3 inches this time of season needs to be followed. Remember to alternate patterns to relieve traffic stress and wear of the lawn. Even during grought conditions, your lawn should be mowed when growth warrants a mowing. Avoid letting areas mat down and suffocate areas of your lawn.

Seeding 
Whether establishing a new lawn or filling in bare areas, you can obtain the best results with  summer seeding with triple rye mixed with favorable bluegrasses or tall turf type fescues. These ryes are fast establishing, attractive, and durable. Improved ryes contain endophytes that naturally resist surface feeding insects such as chinch bugs, sod webworms and billbugs. Remember; always keep newly seeded lawns moist until established. Your Land-Art renovation expert can advise you of the best seeding practices for your lawn.

Weed Control
This is a great time of season to eliminate summer annual weeds along with other broadleaf weeds. Please remember that weeds germinate and live throughout different periods of the season. All weeds can be controlled with Land-Art’s selective weed killers. With broadleaf weed control, we recommend the following: 1) do not mow the lawn for 1 to 2 days following treatment. 2) Do not irrigate for a period of 8 to 24 hours following the weed treatment. 3) On newly seeded lawns, do not apply weed controls until the grass has been mowed for 3 to 4 times.

Crabgrass Control
A thick lawn is the best measure for grassy weed infestation. If a pre emergence crabgrasscontrol was not applied during March or April and crabgrass plants are now growing in the lawn, it is too late to apply a pre-emergent on established plants. Post emergent controls are available. Be able to identify grass plants. Not all undesirable grasses in an established lawn are crabgrass plants. Coarse field fescue plants can be mistaken as crabgrass plants but are not. These grass plants can only be controlled with non-selective weed controls and reseeding.

Disease Control
Turfgrass diseases are most active during times of high humidity normally encountered during the spring and summer months following a cool growing season. Diseases are most prevalent on lawns that are improperly mowed, watered or selected species. Every lawn has a certain amount of disease activity. Again, following good cultural practices in turf care will minimize turf disease. Please remember that Land-Art offers unique Iron/Fungicide treatments to help prevent and cure lawn diseases. These treatments will improve the overall health and appearance of your lawn. Please call to inquire about pricing and scheduling.

Lawn Care: An Investment with Many Benefits!
  • A Land-Art lawn increases the value of your property.
  • A Land-Art lawn provides a cooler and quieter habitat.
  • A Land-Art lawn helps you breathe easier.
  • A Land-Art lawn is a soil saver.
  • A Land-Art lawn is a dust trap.
  • A Land-Art lawn is a safer Recreational Area.

Land-Art wants to thank you for your continued business and referrals.

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